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Natural Resources

Flora

Protected species on the Bodrog River

fehér tündérrózsa

White water-lily (Nymphea alba), Spatterdock (Nuphar lutea), Salvia natans, Water-chestnut (Trapa natans), Water violet (Hottonia palustris), Four-leaf clover (Marsilea quadrafolia), Nymphea peltata, water soldier (Stratiotes aloides), Waterwheel plant (Aldrovanda vesiculosa), Lesser bladderwort (Utricularia minor), Bogbean (Menyanthes trifoliata)

Protected swamp species on the Great plain

Clematis integrifola, Miden pink (Dianthus deltoides), Marsh gentian (Gentiana pneumonanthe), Chrysanthemum serotinum, Snake's head fritillary (Fritillaria meleagris), Summer snowflake (Leucojum aestivum)

Protected species of Festuco-brometea communities

Small pasque flower (Pulsatilla pratensis subsp. Hungarica) and Pulsatilla pratensis subsp. zimmermannii, Onosma pseudarenaria ssp tuberculata, Bearded iris (Iris aphylla ssp hungarica), the natural hybrid Iris pumila, Green-winged orchid (Orchis morio), Golden flax (Linum flavum) Blue flax (Linum perenne), Silver speedwell (Veronica incana), Dianthus setotinus

Protected species of alkaline areas (szik)

Daisy (Aster sedifolius ssp sedifoilus), Salep orchid (Orchis laxiflora ssp elegans), European slough grass (Beckmannia eruciformis)

Protected species of Nanocyperions

Elatine alsinastrum, Prostrate false pipernel (Lindernia procumbens)

Protected swamp species

Cypress-like sedge (Carex pseudocyperus), Tufted sedge (Carex elata), Water violet (Hottonia palustris), Urtica kioviensis, Broad buckler fern (Dryopteris dilatata), European common twayblade (Listeria ovata), Milk parsley (Peucedanum palustris), Bogbean (menyanthes trifoliata)

Protected species of floodplains

Spring snowflake, Summer snowflake (Leucojum vernum, Leucojum aestivum), Urticas like Urtica kioviensis, Spinulosa woodfern (Dryopteris carthusiana) Broad buckler fern (Dryopteris dilatata), Violet helleborine (Epipactis purpurata) Broad-leaved helleborine (Epipactis helleborinae), Greater butterfly orchid (Platanthera chlorantha)

Protected species of moist deciduous forests

magyar nőszirom

Spinulose woodfern (Dryopteris carthusiana), Spring snowflake (Leucojum vernum, Violet helleborine (Epipactis purpurata), Broad-leaved helleborine (Epipactis helleborinae), Greater butterfly-orchid (Platanthera chlorantha), Sword-leaved helleborine (Cephalanthera longifolia), European common twayblade (Listeria ovata)

Protected species of dry deciduous forests

Turk's cap lily (Lilium martagon), Lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis), Dianthus species like Dianthus serotinus and Dianthus collinus ssp glabriusculus

Hegyalja slope-steppe

On the slopes, covered with loesse, sun-loving plants thrive. In early spring, we can often find the following species: Pheasant's eye (Adonis vernalis), Pasque flower (Pulsatilla grandis) Small pasque flower (Pulsatilla pratensis ssp. zimmermannii). The famous Hungarian botanist Pál Kitaibel found the Dwarf almond (Amygdalus nana) here, along with, a Burnet rose (Rosa spinosissima ssp. pinpinellifolia), Herbaceous Periwinkle (Vinca herbacea), Bearded iris (Iris aphylla ssp. hungarica). From early summer, the Stipa species dominate the area. The "Nagy-kopasz" hill in Tokaj is home of the unique Aster species, the (Aster oleifolius) and rare Astralagus dasyanthus also lives here.

In the summer months, the following Dianthus species bloom: Dianthus pontedeare, D. carthusianorum, D. collin, Inulas (Inula sp.) and Viper's bugloss (Echium russicum) are here too. On rocky, stone-covered habitats, the Xeranthemum annuum delights the visitors. In late summer the beautiful flower of the European Michaelmas Daisies (Aster amellus) dominates the landscape.

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