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Area along the Bodrog

Geography

Bodrog River

Bodrog River

Bodrog is a river without source, it is born from the fusion of five rivers, The river is called Bodrog only after Zemplén village, and from that point it flows only 65 km to the Tisza river where the two rivers merge. The river seperates two micro-regions from each other, one is the Bodrogköz and the other one is Tokaj-Hegyalja.

The flood basin of the river is very wide, because most part of the Bodrogköz is almost perfectly flat. In this basin there are numerous river beds and oxbow lakes in which rich wildlife is preserved. The people of this land constantly developed the river and its surroundings, so especially in the last few centuries the ecological system and the view of the landscape have changed fundamantally here. During the river development or "regulation" the overall length of the Bodrog was reduced from 125,6 km to 71 km, and along the river not less than 22 oxbow lakes were born.

Geographical chracteristics of Bodrogköz

The area which bordered by the Tisza, Bodrog and Latorca rivers is called Bodrogköz. The Slovakian-Hungarian border cuts it into two segments. The total area of this territory is 945 square kilometres, from which 556 square kilometres belongs to Hungary. The latter called Lower-Bodrogköz, while the one across the border in Slovakia is called Upper-Bodrogköz.

It is predominantly plain area which has been constantly altered and formed by the Bodrog River and by deflation as well. On the upper areas of this alluvium, - especially during dryer seasons - shifting sand evolved, while on lower areas the regular floods resulted in erosion damages and sediment accumulations. The overall picture of this landscape is uniquely diverse by the presence of rivers and oxbows, alluvial plains and sand islands.

Geographical characteristics of Tokaj-Hegyalja

Tokaj

Tokaj-Hegyalja is part of the Zemplén-mountains. The size of this historical wine country is 887 square kilometres, and consists of 27 settlements altogether. Tokaj-Hegyalja is the first closed wine-region in the world since 1737, and from 2002 it is declared as part of the World Heritage in cultural landscape category.

The region lies on the southern and eastern slopes of the Zemplén-mountains, 55-60 km lengthwise and 25-30 km in width. This low elevation mountain is belted by the Bodrog river, its relief is articulated by valleys and rivers. Even though the surface was formed over millions of years, about 9-15 million years ago and the original volcanic structures have been vanished or altered; the volcanic origin of this landscape is evident at first sight. Its soils can be varying from vineyard to vineyard which endows the local wines with unique characteristics.

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